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Thread: Red Moon 21 December 2010

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    Default Red Moon 21 December 2010

    Red Moon: Lunar eclipse makes memorable solstice

    WASHINGTON 21 December 2010

    lunar_eclipse_Dec_20_2010.jpgSkygazers with a clear view in North America and Europe were greeted with a celestial treat in the early morning hours Tuesday, as a unique total lunar eclipse was to transform the Moon pink, coppery or even a blood red.

    Coinciding eerily with the northern hemisphere's mid-winter solstice -- for the first time in almost four centuries -- the eclipse began showing the Sun, the Earth and its satellite as they directly aligned, with the Moon swinging into the cone of shadow cast by its mother planet.

    Despite being in shadow, the Moon did not become invisible, though, as there is still residual light that is deflected towards it by our atmosphere.

    Most of this refracted light is in the red part of the spectrum and as a result the Moon, seen from Earth, turns a reddish, coppery or orange hue, sometimes even brownish.

    NASA's veteran eclipse expert Fred Espenak explained that while the entire event was to be visible from North America, Greenland and Iceland, western Europe sees the beginning stages before moonset and western Asia gets the later stages after moonrise.

    The eclipse was to run for three and a half hours, from 0633 GMT to 1001 GMT, although the stage of total eclipse -- when the Moon heads into the "umbra" cast by the Earth -- lasts from 0741 to 0853 GMT.

    Two factors affect an eclipse's colour and brightness, said the US astronomy magazine Sky & Telescope.

    "The first is simply how deeply the Moon goes into the umbra. The center of the umbra is much darker than its edges," it says.

    "The other factor is the state of Earth's atmosphere along the sunrise-sunset line. If the air is very clear, the eclipse is bright. But if a major volcanic eruption has polluted the stratosphere with thin haze, the eclipse will be dark red, ashen gray, or blood-black."

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    Default Red Moon Monday, January 2019

    Eclipse 2019: historic eclipse and 'super blood wolf moon' from all over the world

    People all over the world were looking to the skies for the lunar eclipse, which was also a super blood moon.
    It is advised you make the most of this eclipse, as this is the only opportunity to witness a total lunar eclipse until May 2021.

    What is a blood moon?

    A “blood moon” is a name given to the moon during a lunar eclipse. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the sun and the moon, casting the moon into shadow.
    Unlike with a solar eclipse, when the moon passes between the Earth and sun, blocking the sun’s light, the moon is not “turned dark” during an eclipse, but instead appears to turn red.

    Whenever a full moon is described as "super," it's referring to its relative proximity to earth in its orbit, "This closeness makes the moon visually appear a little bigger for us in the sky than usual, though this can happen several times during a lunar year", "Blood" refers to the "reddish hue the earth's shadow casts on the Moon during a lunar eclipse," and "wolf moon" is typically the nickname given to the first full moon in January, possibly to represent wolves' mating season in January and February, says Mickie Mueller, author of The Voice of the Trees.

    Starwatch: red marvel that is a lunar eclipse

    “If the Earth was a big smooth ball with no atmosphere that would be the end of the subject, it would just go dark, like with a new moon,” said Chris Tinney, professor in the physics department at the University of New South Wales. “But because there is light scattered through the atmosphere of the Earth, some of the sun’s light gets bounced around the edge of the Earth to hit the moon.”
    Because blue and violet wavelengths are scattered more than red and orange ones, more of the red wavelengths reach the moon, making the moon appear red.
    How rare is it?

    Lunar eclipses are less common than solar eclipses, with a maximum of three occurring in any given location per year, though some years there can be none. However, each lunar eclipse is visible from more than half the Earth.
    If this eclipse is rare, it is because it will last for so long. The moon will be in the Earth’s shadow for four hours and totally eclipsed for one hour and 43 minutes, which is just short of the theoretical limit of a lunar eclipse (one hour and 47 minutes). The eclipse will last for so long on Friday night because the moon will be passing through the centre of the Earth’s shadow.

    Timelapse maansverduistering / lunar eclipse, 21-01-2019

    What does the BIBLE say about the Full Moon?

    Some Christian theorists have long associated Blood Moons with a bad omen and end of time prophecies found in the Bible’s Book of Joel and the Book of Revelations.

    Joel 2:30-31 read: “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.”

    The Blood Moon is also featured in the Book of Revelations in passage 6:12, which states: “And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood.”

    For many, this may sound conspiratorial but the fact is there is some logic to this notion.

    According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), earthquakes can be up to three times more likely during high tides, which appears when a Full Moon is present.

    A study from 2016 done by Nature Geoscience found the tides that occur during full and new Moons may be connected to a slightly higher likelihood of high magnitude earthquakes around the world.

    Lunar eclipses occur when the Full Moon passes into the shadow of the side of the Earth facing away from the Sun.

    And because a lunar eclipse only takes place during a full moon, tides are higher during this time.

    Blood Moon 2019 superstitions and beliefs

    According to David Dearborn, a researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Inca “didn’t see eclipses as being anything at all good”.

    The Inca would howl at the red Moon and shake their weapons in its direction, believing a monstrous jaguar was attempting to devour the lunar orb.

    In Ancient Babylonia, the Mesopotamians considered the Blood Moon a dire prophetic sign of tragedy.

    In the Babylonian book The Gods Anua and Enlil, Blood Moons were declared a sign of the ruling king’s impending death.

    Measures would be taken to protect the king – typically by temporarily assigning another member of the royal family to stand in for the king should tragedy strike.

    Professor Gonzalo Rubio, of Pennsylvania State University, said:

    “In order to preempt the monarch’s fate, a mechanism was devised: the ‘substitute king ritual’, or ‘šar pūhi’.”

    “There are over 30 mentions of this ritual in various letters from Assyria – northern Mesopotamia – dating to the first millennium BC.”

    “Earlier references to a similar ritual have also been found in texts in Hittite, the Indo-European language for which we have the earliest written records, dating to second-millennium Anatolia – modern-day Turkey.”

    Today, followers of Wicca tradition observe the Blood Moon eclipse for a heightened sense of spiritual and esoteric energy in the air.

    Some witches prepare for a lunar eclipse by preparing jars or glasses to collect Moon Water – blessed water used in rituals and spells.

    Astrologers also look toward the Blood Moon to try an understand how the astronomical event will affect the horoscopes.

    Jamie Partridge of wrote:

    “Like a regular full moon only stronger, a lunar eclipse focuses attention on your emotions, intimate relationships, and your home and family.”

    “A total lunar eclipse has an even strong influence on your private life.”

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